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Frequently Asked Questions


What Causes Kidney Stones?

The basic cause of kidney stone occurrence is unknown, but wrong food habits and inadequate fluid intake are to be blamed. Other conditions such as urinary tract infection, gout, arthritis, hypercalciuria (increased calcium levels in urine), enlarged prostate, thyroid disorder, etc are also known to cause urinary stones.

What Are The Symptoms Of Kidney Stones?

Symptoms constitute problems with the normal urinary process including discomfort, pain and irritability. When the stone obstructs the urine flow, the ureter dilates and stretches causing muscle spasms giving rise to immense gripping pain (renal colic); felt in flank, lower abdomen, groin or leg of affected side. Some stones are called ‘silent’ as they cause no pain. Other symptoms include blood in urine (hematuria), increased frequency of urination, fever/chills, nausea/vomiting, pain/burning during urination etc.

What Should Be Done In Pregnant Females With Kidney Stone?

Stones during pregnancy demand conservative treatment. Surgery, if required may be done – ureteric stenting/PCNL, but only during the first half of the pregnancy term. ESWL is absolutely contraindicated.

What Type Of Doctor Should I Visit For Prostate Cancer Screening?

Screening for prostate cancer is a simple procedure. One may begin with a visit to the urologist. Urologist will be able to help you learn more about the screening process.