Kidney stones are crystal-like formations and are mostly made of calcium and oxalate. Some stones are made up of phosphate and calcium, others of uric acid. Kidney stones are known to create nasty pain in the groin or flank area. In most cases, this pain is the only symptom which results in diagnosing the kidney stone. These stones can vary in size ranging from 2-3mm to 30mm and more. The treatment of these kidney stones depends upon their size and location. Some of the most commonly performed kidney stone treatment procedures are –
1. Lithotripsy with Holmium Laser (URS for Kidney Stones)
Also known as URS or ureterorenoscopy, this is the most advanced treatment of kidney stones. The biggest advantage of this treatment is that no-incision or cut is required. The probe is inserted through the urethra and then once it reaches the stone, it is broken down into tiny particles with the help of laser beam. These tiny dust-like particles then come out via urine naturally. Diyos hospital offers this procedure in a day care procedure or in one day hospitalization in most cases.
2. ESWL for Kidney Stones
Extracorporeal ShockWave Lithotripsy or ESWL is the treatment of stone without any cut, incision or probe insertion. It is effective for the stone size of upto 20mm. In this procedure, the shockwave is given on the stone by keeping the patient under an imaging modality. This shockwave then breaks the stone in tiny pieces and they come in normal urine stream. This treatment is also a day care or one day hospitalization procedure. Diyos offers a 4rth generation ESWL which can detect even radiolucent stones and provide a better targeting.
3. PCNL or Miniperc
This is the minimal invasive treatment which involves an incision of about 7 to 10 mm. This treatment is best for stones of bigger than 20mm size. The incision is made near the back area and the probe is inserted to locate the stone and break it into smaller pieces. These pieces are then taken out with the help of this probe. Remaining dust-like particles come out with urine. This procedure requires a hospitalization of about 2 to 3 days.
4. Open Kidney Stone Surgery
This is the traditional kidney stone procedure which is not performed in routine due to its bigger incision and longer healing period. As the above mentioned three procedures are the best choice for all sizes of stones, so open surgery is rarely performed.
All these minimal as well as non-invasive surgeries for kidney stone treatment are performed by the best urologists in delhi at Diyos hospital. These surgeries allow for a faster recovery and minimal to no blood loss. However, big kidney stones result in increased recovery times, which is why it is advised not to delay the treatment. As the delay in treatment can lead to many complications such as blood in urine or medical emergencies like blocked urine flow. The blocked urine flow happens due to the descent of the stone in the ureter or bladder or urethra, this blocks the flow of urine which must be treated immediately. To avoid such situations, it is advised to get the treatment as soon as the stone of more than 2mm size is detected. To book an appointment with our kidney stone specialists, you can go here or call us at +91 9910120836, 01149755555.