The gallbladder is a small bag, generally the shape and size of a pear that sits underneath the liver, on the right side of the stomach area. Its main purpose is to store and concentrate bile produced by the liver. Bile is released from the gallbladder after eating, aiding digestion. Bile travels through common bile ducts (CBD) into the small intestine. Gallbladder stones are pieces of solid material that form in the gallbladder. These gallbladder stones develop because cholesterol and pigments in bile sometimes form hard particles.
Gall bladder stones or gallstones are crystalline masses shaped usually in the gall bladder or bile ducts from bile pigments, cholesterol, and calcium salts. gall bladder stones can cause severe pain and blockage of the bile duct. At the point when the wall of the gall bladder is diseased then it produces the gall bladder stone and polyps and so forth.
Cholecystitis is characterized by irritation of the gallbladder. Most usually this happens when the flow of bile is halted or hindered because of gallbladder stone (90%) or if the infection of biliary tract happens.
The casual symptoms of cholecystitis are:
Side effects of gallbladder stones are extreme stomach torment frequently called as gallbladder stones 'attack' (colic) since they happen all of a sudden. gallbladder stones attacks often take place after fatty meals, and they may happen amid the night. Despite the fact that numerous patients with gallbladder stones have no manifestations and they are to be asymptomatic and the stones are called 'Silent stones'. However, a typical attack can cause the following:
Other insignificant symptoms of gallbladder stones include:
The ailing gall bladder ought to be evacuated by a surgical methodology called Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy. In this procedure, the gallbladder is removed using long narrow instruments through small incisions in the abdomen.
Surgery to remove the gallbladder (cholecystectomy) is the only way to cure gallbladder stones. This should be possible by regular (open) technique or a settled endoscopic (laparoscopic) strategy which is currently the 'Gold Standard'. The surgery is called "Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy" (Lap. Chole). The surgeon makes few tiny punctures in the abdomen and inserts surgical instruments and a miniature telescope with an amounted video camera into the abdomen. The camera sends an amplified picture from inside the body to a video screen, giving the specialist a nearby perspective of the organs and tissues. While watching the monitor, the surgeon uses the instruments to carefully separate the gallbladder from the liver, ducts and vessels. The gallbladder is then removed through one of the small incisions. Recovery usually occurs within few hours in most of the cases in the hospital, followed by few days of rest at home. As there is no damage to the muscle (muscles are not cut) during laparoscopic surgery, patients have less pain and negligible wound complications.
If the surgeon finds any difficulty in the laparoscopic procedure, the operating team may decide to switch over to open surgery. It is called open surgery in light of the fact that the specialist needs to influence a 5 to 8-to inch entry point in the stomach area to expel the gallbladder. Open surgery has blurred out of the spotlight with the laparoscopic method giving critical points of interest and ease to the patient.
Non-surgical approaches are used only in special situations such as when a patient's condition is not fit for anaesthesia and surgery. This does not cure the patients as it only provides symptomatic relief.
Patients usually have minimal post-operative pain.
Patients experience faster recovery than patients undergoing open gallbladder surgery.
Excellent cosmetic outcomes
Minimal discomfort and early recovery
Early resumption of normal and routine activities
Post surgery instructions
Diet after gall bladder surgery