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Urology

Prostate Cancer Treatment

Overview

Prostate cancer, a dreaded condition, but often ignored due to lack of knowledge, is the uncontrolled growth of cells in the prostate gland of a male. It is called Adenocarcinoma of the prostate in medical or clinical language.These abnormal cells can multiply and affect other nearby organs or parts of the body if not treated in a timely manner by a professional doctor or surgeon. It is usually a slowly progressing disease, and patients with low grade prostate cancer can live several years without the cancer becoming life threatening. But advanced prostate cancer can be fatal and needs immediate medical attention, preferably from the best hospital for prostate cancer treatment in Delhi.

Prostate cancer ranks as the second commonest cause of cancer at a global level. It is also the sixth highest reason for male cancer death. The number of cases of the disease is estimated to go as high as 1.7 million by 2030.  According to the Indian Council of Medical Research, “the incidence rate of prostate cancer in India is 9-10/100000 population, which is higher than other parts of Asia and Africa but lower than USA and Europe.”

Before we discuss prostate cancer treatment, it is important to understand the organ, its functions, symptoms and diagnosis of the condition. The prostrate is a small gland in a man’s body, the size of a walnut, and is located below the bladder, near the rectum, and surrounds the urethra. It is a part of the male reproductive system, and produces the fluid that makes semen. It needs the male hormone testosterone to develop.

Symptoms of Prostate Cancer

Early stages of the condition may not show any symptoms. But later stages may show symptoms like

  • Finding it difficult to urinate or poor urine flow
  • Increased frequency of urination
  • Discomfort while urinating
  • Presence of blood in urine or semen
  • Pain in the upper thighs, hips or lower back

As soon as anybody notices these symptoms, he should immediately consult a doctor in the best hospital for prostate cancer treatment in Delhi to rule out the possibility of prostate cancer. 

Causes

Some of the causes of the disease can be

  • Old age: Generally, the chances of getting the disease increase with age. According to statistics, the risk of prostate cancer in men aged 75 years is 1 in 7, whereas the risk in men aged 85 years is nearly 1 in 5. Therefore, older men should get themselves checked regularly.
  • Genetics: Men with a family history of prostate cancer have a higher chance of getting the disease, and need to be extra cautious.
  • Diet and Lifestyle: Studies show that consumption of processed meat or fatty food can increase the risk of getting the cancer. Red meat or animal fat cooked at high temperature can contribute to the disease. People in countries where meat and dairy products are consumed regularly are more susceptible than countries where the staple diet comprises rice, wheat, soybean and green vegetables. Modern urban lifestyle and environment can also contribute to the development of the disease. Habits such as smoking, low physical activity etc. can also be factors.
  • Profession: People in some professions like welding, rubber manufacturing, battery manufacturing, and people exposed to cadmium are more likely to develop prostate cancer due to exposure to these materials.

To know more about the causes and prevention, walk into the best hospital for prostate cancer treatment in Delhi. 

Diagnosis

Men at risk of prostate cancer or those above 50 years should get themselves screened at one of the best hospitals for prostate cancer treatment in Delhi. Some of the tests for diagnosing the disease are Digital Rectal Examination (DRE), Prostrate Specific Androgen (PSA) Test. If DRE and PSA tests detect an abnormal condition, the medical practitioner may recommend further tests such as an ultrasound, biopsy, MRI fusion and so on. To detect the disease at an early stage, go for a check-up at the best hospital for prostate cancer treatment in Delhi.

The options for treatment are

  • Surgery: Laser surgery is very popular (minimally invasive). In laser surgery, the obstructive tissue is vaporized using a laser beam.
  • High Intensity Focused Ultrasound: In this, high frequency energy is used to destroy the cancer cells. A non-surgical procedure performed under local or general anaesthesia, it uses sound waves to destroy the cancer cells in a targeted area by generating heat.
  • Cyber knife: In this, the cyber knife focuses on the area and irradiates it. This procedure is comfortable for patients and recovery fast.
  • Radiotherapy: Radiation dose is given on the area along with the area 1 to 2 cm around the organ.
  • Hormone therapy: Testosterone is responsible for the growth of prostrate cancer. Controlling the amount of testosterone in the male body can help lower the possibility of prostate cancer coming back after treatment.
  • Chemotherapy: Drugs and medication are used to treat the cancer. The main issue is the strong side effects on the patient.
  • Brachytherapy:Also called seed implantation.It is a type of radiation therapy. There are mainly two kinds of brachytherapy, low-dose rate and high-dose rate.
  • Cryotherapy: A new technology, it uses extremelylow temperature to freeze and destroy prostatecancer cells. Some practitioners also call it cryosurgery or cryoablation.

The most advanced treatment is offered by the best hospital for prostate cancer treatment in Delhi. However, you need to discuss the options, complications, recovery time, cost and so on with your doctor at the best hospital for prostate cancer treatment in Delhi to decide which treatment is best for you. 

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